THE PARIS CLIMATE AND ENERGY ACTION PLAN: BACKGROUND
Adopted in 2007, the Paris Climate Action Plan was a clear sign of the commitment of the City of Paris to fight against climate change and achieve a factor 4 scheme by 2050. The mission was to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 75% throughout the Parisian territory and in all its activities by 2050 compared with the situation in 2004. The first milestone of the Paris Climate Action Plan was set for 2020 and exceeded the European objectives:
- a 25 % reduction in greenhouse gas emissions;
- a 25 % reduction in energy consumption;
- 25 % of renewable energies in its energy mix consumption.
It's been five years since the Action Plan was adopted. Our first stocktaking has shown encouraging results that have emphasised the need to deploy further efforts, in particular tackling the whole Parisian conurbation in a more global approach. For the past five years, the Paris Climate Action Plan has been a forerunner and the enabler of innovative and experimental actions.
By updating its Climate Action Plan in 2012, the City of Paris wished to reassert its commitment to the fight against climate change. The objectives set in 2007 were therefore maintained and re-activated for two reasons: to generate a vision shared with the Parisian community stakeholders and to increase the operational readiness of the Climate Action Plan.
The 2012 Climate and Energy Action Plan has hence been revisited. Besides the main guidelines, it now contains operational Handbooks describing for each Parisian stakeholder or groups of stakeholders, what needs to be done by 2020. The first of these Handbooks is dedicated to Paris Local Authorities and describes the operational roadmap the Municipality has set for itself to control its carbon footprint. Starting in 2013, other Handbooks have been drafted, in cooperation with local stakeholder groups. To this end, the City of Paris will set up the tools the Parisians need to adapt to this change.
WHY THIS PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT?
Paris is home to over 400,000 undertakings totalling 1.6 million jobs spread over nearly 58 million m². Every year, the Services Sector consumes approximately 16 TWh in energy, spending about €1.3 billion. In 2009, the Paris Services building stock released just over 2.7 million tCO2eq, representing 11% of all emissions released in the Paris area. The Services Sector is therefore targeted as one of the priority Partners for the Paris Climate and Energy Plan.
Starting in 2014, the Paris Climate and Energy Plan Handbook dedicated to the Services Sector will offer a roadmap to achieve the 2020 goals. The objective is to control the carbon footprint generated by Parisian activities whilst maintaining enterprise competitiveness and their economic attractiveness.
To support this roadmap's operational implementation and promote the existing initiatives that have already been launched by Parisian enterprises and organisations, the City of Paris is offering local stakeholders the opportunity to become Partners in the Paris Climate and Energy Action Plan by signing the PARIS CLIMATE ACTION Partnership Agreement.
By signing this Agreement, Partners undertake to run their businesses in keeping with the Paris Climate and Energy Action Plan objectives, i.e. controlling their energy consumption and reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. In return, the City of Paris will facilitate a Paris Climate Action Partners' Club where stakeholders can exchange, share lessons learned and promote Partner best practices via the Club's communication channels.
A GRADUAL AND TARGETED APPROACH
Partners are tasked with meeting quantifiable and measurable objectives in greenhouse gas reduction and/or energy consumption. They commit to rolling out their action programme by 2020.
It is best for Partners to review all aspects of their business, i.e. building stock management as well as business trips, transport, supply chain and/or consumption patterns.
A GRADUAL APPROACH
The methodology has been designed in 3 Steps, each one involving a specific level of engagement. Commitments range from endorsing the Paris Plan to gradually implementing various operational means. Partners who have already carried out diagnostic activities, metrics and/or efficiency analyses on their energy consumption, will be able to showcase these actions. And Partners coming in new and wishing to implement the scheme, will be able to start by defining their project's main undertakings.
Each Step corresponds to a series of global objectives and specific measures. Global objectives will validate the commitment; and meeting them means moving on to the next Step. Specific measures are those actions implemented by Partners in the context of their activities. Compulsory requirements are described below as well as examples of specific measures.
The first level of engagement involves joining the "Paris Climate Action" initiative.
The second level of engagement involves quantifying objectives and setting up the necessary monitoring arrangements.
Finally, the third level of engagement involves defining the actions and rolling them out.
By endorsing the "Paris Climate Action" initiative, Partners commit to reaching Step 3 at the latest by 2018. By that point, they will only have two years left to implement their programme. Conversely, Partners can undertake Step 3 as soon as they sign the Partnership Agreement if they can demonstrate that they already have an action plan; that it can be gradually adjusted and even evolve over the commitment period.
YOUR OWN PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT
The Paris Services Sector encompasses a great variety of industries ranging from public agencies to businesses, as well as trade and hospitality industries. Since each of these is focused on specific issues and obligations, Partnership Agreements are tailored to fit each specific category of stakeholders.
Although the approach is industry specific, Partners may come at it from different angles, using the triggering levers they wish. Each Partnership Agreement is therefore unique, taking into account the specificities and issues of each Signatory.
THE PARTNERS' CLUB AND THE "PARIS CLIMATE ACTION" WEBPLATFORM
The Partners' Club is dedicated to facilitating exchanges between Parisian stakeholders, promoting each one's actions and making it easier to implement measures to fight against climate change.
The Club meets at the annual Paris Climate and Energy Days Event, a gathering to inform Parisians and exchange with them on the Paris Climate and Energy Action Plan.
The Club's aim is to boost contributions, encourage Partner participation and empower each one to act within their own scope. Partners offer their own expertise and skills, and share lessons learned. This will help each Club member in defining their own strategy. Exchanges will also help identifying what financial leveraging is available and promote its use.
In parallel, the City of Paris will host a webplatform to make each one's involvement sustainable and cultivate contacts between Partners throughout the year. The Virtual Meeting Place will also be populated with data from each Partner's individual assessment exercises.
The Partnership Agreement: Content
Partners will roll out a package of measures at each Step of their engagement, ranging from awareness building; to communication; and structural change:
At this stage, future Partners become aware of climate challenges. They join in the City of Paris initiative to act against climate change and take part in adapting the Paris area to climate variations.
By signing the Partnership Agreement, Partners become players involved in the Paris Climate and Energy Action Plan. They endorse the Action Plan's 2020 commitments to reduce greenhouse gases and energy consumption, and to develop the use of renewable energies.
This Step was designed for future Partners who wish to become involved but have neither defined their quantified objectives, nor set up an operational action plan. It can also apply to any enterprise or organisation who has already carried out actions to combat climate variations and wishes to bolster them and/or adapt them so that these actions will dovetail with those of the community that has rallied around the Paris Climate and Energy Action Plan.
First and foremost, the process must be engaged and involve in-house associates as well as outside partners - both suppliers and customers.
The Paris Climate Action Green Champion
To ensure both process implementation and follow-up, Partners appoint a Paris Climate Action Green Champion from within their ranks. The Green Champion's main mission is to ensure the quality, consistency and proper monitoring of the programme to which the Partner has committed.
The Green Champion represents the enterprise at the Partners' Club; takes part in working groups; suggests and contributes to schemes discussed by Club Members by offering suggestions and data; annually assesses Partner engagement progress and if relevant, informs on potential difficulties encountered in implementing the action plan.
The Green Champion populates the PARIS CLIMATE ACTION data base and tracks action progress, feeding results into the yearly Partnership Agreement assessment report.
Finally, using the various communication channels made available by the City of Paris, the Green Champion circulates information and good practices developed by the City of Paris and all its Partners.
At this stage and based on their capabilities, future Partners define the quantitative and qualitative objectives that they will commit to for 2020.
The Partnership Agreement offers two types of commitments:
- Global commitments required so that the Partner's activity will dovetail with the Paris Climate and Energy Action Plan effort and will make monitoring measures possible throughout the initiative's life cycle;
- Specific objectives detailing the areas targeted for the Partner's commitments. They are tailored to the Partner's specific activities.
- Energy performance and carbon footprint of the Partner's specific activity
The objective is first to assess the impact of the Partner's activity on climate and natural resources, notably through a carbon and energy consumption audit. If such a valuation had been done within two years prior to signing the Partnership, no updating would be required.
- Bold objectives for 2020
Based on the audit results, the Partner sets quantified objectives for greenhouse gas emissions; energy consumption; renewable energy use; and adaptability to climate disruptions. The City of Paris then needs to confirm whether the objectives are in compliance with the Paris Climate and Energy Action Plan. A new audit might be called for at some point during the process.
- Tools to quantify savings
To track progress, the Partner acquires whatever is needed to monitor objectives, whether it be devices to obtain readings or data reporting tools.
Based on the general objectives to which the Partner has committed, a strategy is defined and adopted, as well as the strategic priorities that will be the focus of the work.
The Paris Climate Action Partnership Agreement has selected four main areas that Partners can target to develop their actions. Below are examples of specific objectives:
CONSUMPTION / WASTE
This Step requires the Partner to implement a programme of actions that will guarantee that the objectives set at Step 2 are met by 2020. Each action plan is Partner customized, taking into account both the specifics of the Partner's activities and what resources are available. Nevertheless, the framework of each plan contains a number of common basic elements. As is the case for Step 2, Step 3 offers general commitments and specific Partner defined objectives.
- Implementation of actions to ensure Step 2 objectives are met by set deadline
At the time the Partnership Agreement is signed, the Partner sets the date at which Step 3 is to be reached. Concrete actions will be implemented at the latest by 2018.
- Annual assessment of commitments drawn up and circulated at Partners' Club.
Based on indicators defined at Step 2, Partners record progress of the various objectives. They may also take this opportunity to showcase qualitative operations rolled out during the year to fight against climate change.
ENVELOPE AND EQUIPMENT
COMPUTERS AND LIGHTING
HEATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING
PRODUCTION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE
CONSUMPTION / WASTE
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY PROCUREMENT AND CONSUMPTION
SUPPLY CHAIN & PROCUREMENT